1845: Rev. Charles Granger to Rev. Milton Badger

This letter was written by Rev. Charles Granger who came to Iowa Territory in 1843 and served the communities of Crawfordsville and Crooked Creek in 1844-46.

Washington County, Iowa

Location of Washington County, Iowa

Granger’s letter describes his efforts to promote Christianity in Washington County, Iowa Territory. He also relates the wickedness that prevails in some regions of the county and the never-ending battle against intemperance.

Washington County was originally formed on January 18, 1838 as Slaughter County in honor of William B. Slaughter, the secretary of Wisconsin Territory. A short time later it was renamed Washington County, in honor of George Washington. The first settlers arrived in Washington County in 1835. The homesteads did not start until 1836. A town was built in the present day township of Oregon named Astoria and it was here that the Pottsville Post Office was located. It became the first county seat and housed the first court house. In 1839, Washington became the final location of the seat of justice. The first religious society organized by Reverend J.L. Kirkpatrick, a Methodist reverend was created in 1839.

Addressed to Rev. Milton Badger, D. D., Secretary of American Home Missionary Society, 150 Nassau Street, New York

Pottsville, Washington County, Iowa [Territory]
January 23, 1845

Rev. Milton Badger
Dear Sir,

Soon after the close of the last quarter, the stove belonging to the courthouse in Washington was taken away with the intention not to return it until spring, and as there was no other suitable place for meetings, it was thought best to withdraw my appointments there until warm weather. There has been a complaint made, however, respecting the stove, & it is returned. I have accordingly made arrangements to preach there as heretofore. Although I have not preached in Washington since my last report, I have visited there & distributed tracts. In my visits, I found  four pious persons — a man & his wife & two children — who wish to join our church in Washington. It is expected they will unite with us next Sabbath.

Besides preaching in Crawfordsville and Wayne as usual, I have had several Sabbath meetings on Long Creek, four miles north of this place. There are no Congregationalists or Presbyterians there, but there are some Baptists, Free-will Baptists, Methodists, Campbellites, &c., besides Seceders, & some unregenerate persons, old & young. There is some infidelity, intemperance, and much wickedness there. I expect to start a S. School there & to furnish them with a few S.S. books.

Since the above was written, I have taken from the Post Office my new commission — a favor for which I am very thankful.

You suggest the necessity of extending my labors into destitute places. You see by what is written above that I have already commenced. This is what I have desired ever since we came to the territory, but until within a few weeks, I have been obliged to spend considerable time in manual labor or suffer. Henceforth, I hope to be able to spend my time in ministerial labors.

About the 1st of this month, I drafted a constitution & succeeded in attempts to form a Bible Society in Crawfordsville, auxiliary to the County Society.

We have not forgotten the temperance cause. I have lectured on the subject, & distributed temperance tracts. One tract which I had left in Washington was offered to a dealer in ardent spirits by the Post Master of the place in a way that led him to conclude that the tract was sent him from some temperance man in the East. He wondered how the contributor could know that he sold ardent spirits. He read the tract & gave up the traffic. About the same time, another dealer in spirits of the same place died from intemperance. Soon after, Judge W. delivered several temperance addresses which gave to the cause a very valuable impulse. Upon his suggestion, the young ladies of the place resolved not to associate with any young man who should be known to use the critter as a drink. Our rejoicing, however, has been turned to sorrow. Not long since, a spirit grocery was opened which is said to be the worst doggrel that has ever been in the place. Besides this, there are 2 stores where evil spirits are sold. We shall do what we can to stop the traffic.

Thank you heartily for the barrel of clothing which we received in good condition after paying nearly $6 freight. I have sent an acknowledgement.

The “Youth Cabinet” which was sent to Sylvester Smith of Wayne, Henry County, does not come. It should be sent to Mt. Pleasant, Henry County. Will you do Mr. Smith the favor to call at the office of the Cabinet & see, &c.

Pay Ira Smith & Co., 104 Pearl Street, N.Y. to the credit of Edwin Manning, Iowa, seventy-five dollars, the amount due me from the A.H.M.S. & charge to me.

Yours very respectfully, — Charles Granger


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

"Though distant lands between us be"

Civil War Letters of Monroe McCollister, Co. B, 6th OVC

"Tell her to keep good heart"

Civil War Letters of Nelson Statler, 211th PA

"May Heaven Protect You"

14th Connecticut drummer boy's war-time correspondence with his mother

Moreau Forrest

Lt. Commander in the US Navy during the Civil War

Diary of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Fighting with the Irish Brigade during the Peninsula Campaign

"Till this unholy rebellion is crushed"

Letters of Dory & Morty Longwood, 7th Indiana

"I Go With Good Courage"

The Civil War Letters of Henry Clay Long, 11th Maine Infantry

"This is a dreadful war"

The Civil War Letters of Jacob Bauer, 16th Connecticut, & his wife Emily

Spared & Shared 16

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Lloyd Willis Manning Letters

3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Co. I

The Yankee Volunteer

A Virtual Archive of Civil War Likenesses collected by Dave Morin

William Henry Jordan

Co. K, 7th Rhode Island Infantry

No Cause to Blush

The Bancroft Collection of Civil War Letters

William A. Bartlett Civil War Letters

Company D, 37th Massachusetts Infantry

The John Hughes Collection

A Virtual Archive of his Letters, 1858-1869

The Civil War Letters of Rufus P. Staniels

Co. H, 13th New Hampshire Volunteers

This is Indeed A Singular War

The Civil War Letters of Henry Scott Murray, 8th New York Light Artillery

The Letters of James A. Durrett

Co. E, 18th Alabama Infantry

Spared & Shared 15

Saving History One Letter at a Time

The Civil War Letters of George Messer

Company F, 107th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Jeff's Prayers are as Effective as Abe's

The Civil War Letters of George S. Youngs, 126th New York Vols

Soldiering is a Very Uncertain Game

The Civil War Letters of Lemuel Glidden, Co. K, 145th Indiana Infantry

Tough as a Pitch Pine Knot

Letters of John Whitcomb Piper, 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

An Honorable Peace

The Civil War Letters of Frank B. Knause, 6th Michigan Infantry & Heavy Artillery

%d bloggers like this: